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  • Writer's pictureAmy Boyce

United Kingdom Jobs (Work on 10 Mills)

Updated: Sep 2, 2021

Amy of Husk Preservation, INC. worked in England for a millwrighting outfit. The following is a list of mills and scopes of work completed on them.


Fulwell Windmill, Sunderland, UK, c.1810

  • Scope of project - new-build cap and new-build sails. My work commenced after cap was largely completed and installed, and sails were in process of being built.

  • Build four new sails. Build patent shutters. Paint. Install with crane and boom lift on iron cross style windshaft.

  • Center wallower and adjust height on upright shaft. Align brake wheel to wallower, turning cap to check gear mesh.

  • Center cap by jacking into alignment. Rotate cap and check centering wheels. Move centering wheel mounts as needed and add additional metal tires/bands to centering wheels where needed. Shim out skate plates on curb where needed.

  • Change configuration of brake lever. Add break block to prevent over rotation. Situate break into position, and install brake ironmongery on new shears. Attach new break catch and set up pulley system for lifting brake lever.

  • Add framing to cap to support striking mechanism. Add gearing, shafts, bearings, collars, rack and pinion, etc. to actuate patent shutters. Mount crank wheel and chain.

  • Pin cogs on brake wheel.

  • Install rails on fan stage.

  • Flash hatches on cap.

  • Change out grease fittings to high-pressure system.

  • Build deck in cap.




Herne Windmill, Herne Bay, UK c.1790

  • Remove sails (stocks ~40’ /whips ~30’) from canister style windshaft with boom lift and crane. Transport sails back to workshop for repairs.

  • Repair rot in whips, uplongs, hemlath, sail bars and back staves with scarfed material and new members. Paint.

  • Make and install two replacement fans blades for fantail.

  • Assess weathered whips built and subjected to same conditions (2-laminates and 2-solid pine) for durability.


Draper Windmill, Margate, UK c.1850

  • Repair rot in whips, uplongs, hemlath, sail bars and back staves with scarfed material and new members. Repair shutter frames and recanvass damaged shutters. Paint sails.

  • Install sails (stocks ~40’/whips ~30’) in canister style windshaft with boom lift and crane.

  • Add a block/stop to break band to prevent over rotation.

  • Calibrate striking mechanism for optimal use of patent shutters.

  • Address alignment of wallower to brake wheel.



Brixton Windmill, London, UK c.1820

Remove sails (stocks ~40’/whips ~30’) from canister style windshaft using boom lift and crane and ship to workshop for repair.



Chillenden Post Mill, Canterbury, UK c.1870

  • Balance inactive, headsick post mill. Jack up structure and resituated runner stones to disperse weight

  • Build new ~16’ x 5’ ladder/stairs with mortised strings. Paint. Remove deteriorated ladder and replace.



Wandsworth Pumping Windmill, London, UK c.1830

  • Replace deteriorated weatherboards and trim. Tar building. Replace skirt and flashing.

  • Remove and replace iron ties from sills into masonry. Replace oak lintels for ties.



The Mill at Elstead, Water Mill, Godalming, UK c.1650

  • Address wear in bearing on drive shaft for undershot wheel (~12’ diameter) and pit gear (~15’). Wear in bearing caused the pit wheel to drop and rub on sluice gate. Jack up wheel and shim beneath bearing. Cut away material in bearing box and shift bearing.

  • Replace air pressured oil cartridges and manually oil bearings



Bradwell Windmill, Milton Keynes, UK c.1800

  • Make 18 new patent shutters for sails. Prepare jig and route frames to receive shutter furniture. Paint. Install on sails in situ.

  • Participate in teaching a training session for docents on mill maintenance.

  • Straighten compromised rods and replace mounts for actuating the sprung shutters.

  • Drill holes in the stone and epoxy sleeves/liners in holes to be used with new stone crane.

  • Assess linseed vs. conventional oil based paint systems (sails and stocks were painted at same time four years prior using two different paint systems).



Wilton Windmill, Marlborough, UK c.1820

  • Repairs in situ to shear breaks on sail. Repairs sail bars and scarf on new sections of hemlath and uplong. Reinstall shutters.

  • Remove deteriorated tail fan blades from hub in order to repair bent fan shaft and address rot. Construct six new fan blades, milling from stock lumber. Mill replacement members for fan stage deck.



Wimbledon Windmill, London, UK c.1820

Perform general maintenance, oiling, turning sails, repair oiling high-pressure grease fittings, fix tail fan bearings.


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